What is an attack on education?

Attacks on education are any threatened or actual use of force against students, educators, schools, or universities. Attacks are often carried out for political, military, ideological, religious, or other reasons.

What are the impacts of attacks on education?

The impacts of an attack on education begin with the immediate harm, loss of life, and damage...

But the effects ripple out from the immediate incident in measurable ways.

Take, for example, an attack in Afghanistan that grabbed headlines in May 2021. An armed group detonated explosives outside Sayed Shuhada High School, near Kabul.

The school was damaged, classes suspended, and at least 85 civilians killed and over 240 wounded, the majority schoolgirls.

Ultimately, the single attack affected the learning of more than 7,500 students who attended the school in shifts.

Here is how:

Damaged facilities

Classrooms, educational materials, and administrative buildings are damaged or destroyed

Students and educators harmed

Students and educators are wounded or killed. In some cases, they are abducted, recruited, or sexually abused

School days lost

Schools are closed, resulting in days or weeks of lost learning

Decline in attendance

Students miss class or stop going to school altogether, due to unsafe conditions

Students and educators impacted

Even if not directly injured in the attack, other students and educators are affected, as is their learning and teaching

Teacher flight and decline in education quality

For some educators, going to work is simply unsafe.
This can lead to fewer, overcrowded classrooms
In 2020, GCPEA identified over 2,400 reports of attacks on education and military use of schools and universities, harming over 2,700 students and educators globally.

The Toolkit helps measure these impacts

The Toolkit collects useful data on each attack, such as the number of students and educators injured or killed, the level of damage to a facility, the effect on enrollment, and so on. As information is gathered on additional attacks, broader trends can be analyzed, such as the percentage of schools attacked or the differential impact on women and girls.
Go to the tools